A cataract results in the lens getting cloudy, thus interfering with your ability to see clearly. Cataract surgery involves removing the uncomfortable cloudy lens and replacing it with a clear, artificial one. It is a safe medical procedure that restores vision to normal. 

Reasons to undergo cataract surgery.

If you have a cataract, it doesn’t mean that you must undergo cataract surgery. You may have a cataract and still not notice it since it may not interfere with your vision. Some people who suffer from this condition see clearly with the help of prescription glasses, magnifying lenses, while some rely on brighter lighting. However, as cataracts grow, they lead to more symptoms.

Cataracts can cause you to have dim or blurred vision. It can cause you to have double vision when you look at things through the eye with a cataract. Such a problem can make reading, using a computer, or doing other things that require clear eyesight challenging. You may also experience poor night vision or challenging to drive when it is dark. Bright headlights, sun glare, bright lights could be sensitive to your eyes as well.

People with more advanced cataracts even fail the vision’s part of a driving test. If you have the symptoms mentioned above, cataract surgery can be helpful. A cataract surgery consultation helps you determine if the surgery is a viable option for you. For instance, the cataract may not bother you, but the doctor might suggest surgery if it is big such that it continues to exert pressure on your eye. 

Another case is when the cataract interferes with the treatment of other eye problems. For instance, the doctor might recommend it if it deters them from examining the back of your eye to monitor or treat another eye problem like diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration. Generally, a doctor may recommend cataract surgery if the cataract interferes with your ability to carry out everyday activities. 

If you are considering cataract surgery, ask yourself the following questions:

  • Do bright lights make it hard for you to see?
  • Do your vision problems impact your independence?
  • Do you have problems reading, using a device like a computer, or watching television?
  • Can you see clearly when driving or doing any other activities?

Surgical procedures of removing cataracts

One surgical method of removing cataracts involves an ultrasound probe to break the lens for easy removal. The eye doctor makes a minimal incision in the cornea and directs a needle-thin probe into the lens where the cataract has developed. The tool emits ultrasound waves that emulsify the cataract to suction out the pieces.

The other method involves making an incision to the eye and removing the cataract in a whole piece. Surgical tools are helpful to remove the lens capsule and the cloudy one containing the cataract. After either method removes the cataract, an artificial lens is placed in the empty lens capsule.

sum up

Cataract surgery occurs under local anesthesia and a sedative to help you relax. Your vision may be blurry as your eye heals and adjusts to the new lens, but with aftercare, your vision may improve within a few days.

Clare Louise