Explain the different functions of progesterone?

Explain the different functions of progesterone?


Hormones in our body perform several distinct functions. Most of them have a direct impact on the way our body functions, for example, regulating the sleep-wake cycle and digestion. For problems related to fertility, one of the rational places to be at would be the Zeeva IVF clinic in Noida.

The female body has two different sex hormones, namely, progesterone and estrogen. Progesterone plays the role of regulating the menstrual cycle. It also supports and maintains pregnancy in women.


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Following is mentioned how to increase progesterone to get pregnant via natural methods.

  1. Maintaining a normal body weight: Because of elevated fat in the body, the person might get subject to extra estrogen in the fat cells. So, to answer the question of how to increase progesterone to get pregnant would be in maintaining normal body weight.
  1. Include Vitex capsules: Vitex decreases prolactin secretion at the same time increasing progesterone levels. Vitex is another solution for how to increase progesterone to get pregnant.


The corpus luteum from the ovaries is responsible for the production of progesterone in the female body. After the ovary releases an egg, progesterone is produced. At the same time, the adrenal gland and placenta can produce progesterone as well.

During the menstrual cycle: There is an evident rise in the LH (also known as the luteinizing hormone) in the middle of the menstrual cycle and it leads to the ovulatory phase. Ovulation occurs when the ovary releases an egg post which the corpus luteum starts producing progesterone.

The function of progesterone is to prepare the body for the period of pregnancy. This is done by the stimulation of glandular development as well as of new blood vessels. This gives a hospitable environment for implantation.

The corpus luteum breaks if the egg is not fertilized which leads to a reduction in the level of progesterone. This results in the breaking down of the endometrium layer and initiation of menses.

The corpus luteum will not break down if the egg is fertilized. It will continue to produce more progesterone which will further stimulate the blood vessels for endometrium. It also urges the endometrium for the production of more nutrients for the development of the embryo. Progesterone is also produced by the placenta once it is formed. The placenta is also known as the primary producer of progesterone.

Throughout gestation, the progesterone level remains elevated which is something that prevents the female body from forming more eggs during pregnancy.

The type of roles that progesterone plays in the female body is the reason why it is important to know how to increase progesterone to get pregnant.


There aren’t many health effects of high progesterone levels. It naturally gets elevated during pregnancy. Having said that, progesterone is also present in many oral contraceptives as it prevents the body from ovulation. Some studies suggest that progesterone plays a key role in ovarian cancer.


Low levels of progesterone in the female body have a direct impact on menstruation and fertility. It also promotes a healthy environment for the fertilized egg. In the case of low progesterone levels, it gets difficult for the fertilized egg to grow or develop in the first place.

Low levels of progesterone can also contribute to certain conditions, including:

Low progesterone levels can also lead to problems such as the absence of menstruation, miscarriage, and unsatisfactory ovarian functions.

Functions: It plays an important role in the development of secondary sexual functions in the female body, for instance, the development of breasts after puberty. It also prepares the body to get pregnant and maintains pregnancy. It is also known as the dominant hormone in the luteal phase. The luteal phase comprises the second half of a woman’s menstrual cycle. Just after the ovulatory phase, the luteal phase begins with the LH surge and it continues till the first day of your period.

Jacques Bedard